Tosca Remastered Version : Recondita armonia Act 1 Tosca Remastered Version : E lucevan le stelle Act 3 La Gioconda Remastered Version : Cielo e mar! L'Africaine Remastered Version : Mi batte il cor O Paradis Ideale O sole mio For You Alone Manon: Instant charmant Faust: Salut! Martha Remastered Version : M'appari tutt'amor Stabat Mater: II. Aria, "Cujus animam gementem" Tenor. Allegro maestoso Messa da Requiem: II. Sequence, 8. Ingemisco Tenor Il trovatore, Act 3 Scene 6: "Di quella pira … l'orrendo foco" Manrico Il Trovatore Remastered Version : Ah!
Il Trovatore Remastered Version : Di quella pira Rigoletto Remastered Version : Questa o quella Rigoletto Remastered Version : E il sol dell'anima Rigoletto, Act 1 Scene 1: No. I Pagliacci Remastered Version : Recitar! Vesti la giubba The Bastianellis attributed the likely cause of death to peritonitis arising from a burst subphrenic abscess. His embalmed body was preserved in a glass sarcophagus at Del Pianto Cemetery in Naples for mourners to view.
Caruso's year career, stretching from toincluded appearances with the New York Metropolitan Opera both at the Met and on tour before his death in Vol. 8: O Sole Mio (CD) the age of Thanks largely to his tremendously popular phonograph records, Caruso was one of the most famous entertainment personalities of his day, and his fame has continued to endure to the present.
He was one of the first examples of a global media celebrity. Beyond records, Caruso's name became familiar to millions throughout the world via newspapers, books, magazines, and the new media technology of the 20th century: cinema, the telephone and telegraph. Caruso toured widely both with the Metropolitan Opera touring company and on his own, giving hundreds of performances throughout Europe, and North and South America.
He was a client of the noted promoter Edward Bernaysduring the latter's tenure as a press agent in the United States. Beverly Sills noted in an interview: "I was able to do it with television and radio and media and all kinds of assists. The popularity that Caruso enjoyed without any of this technological assistance is astonishing. Caruso biographers Pierre Key, Bruno Zirato and Stanley Jackson   attribute Caruso's fame not only to his voice and musicianship but also to a keen business sense and an enthusiastic embrace of commercial sound recordingthen in its infancy.
Many opera singers of Caruso's time rejected the phonograph or gramophone owing to the low fidelity of early discs. Others, including Adelina PattiFrancesco Tamagno and Nellie Melbaexploited the new technology once they became aware of the financial returns that Caruso was reaping from his initial recording sessions. Caruso made more than extant recordings in America for the Victor Talking Machine Company later RCA Victor from toand he and his heirs earned millions of dollars in royalties from the retail sales of these records.
He was also heard live from the stage of the Metropolitan Opera House inwhen he participated in the first public radio broadcast to be transmitted in the United States. Caruso also appeared in two motion pictures. Inhe played a dual role in the American My Cousin silent filmentirely restored in July  for Paramount Pictures. This film included a sequence depicting him on stage performing the aria Vesti la giubba from Leoncavallo 's opera Pagliacci.
Brief candid glimpses of Caruso offstage have been preserved in contemporary newsreel footage. Caruso's voice extended up to high D-flat in its prime and grew in power and weight as he grew older. At times, his voice took on a dark, almost baritonal coloration. During his lifetime, Caruso received many orders, decorations, testimonials and other kinds of honors from monarchs, governments and miscellaneous cultural bodies of the various nations in which he sang.
He was also the recipient of Italian knighthoods. Inhe was elected an honorary member of the Phi Mu Alpha Sinfoniathe national fraternity for men involved in music, by the fraternity's Alpha chapter of the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. Infor his contribution to the recording industry, Caruso received a star located at Hollywood Boulevard on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Caruso was posthumously awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in On 27 February of that same year, the United States Postal Service issued a cent postage stamp in his honor.
Caruso's operatic repertoire consisted primarily of Italian works along with a few roles in French. Below are the first performances by Caruso, in chronological order, of each of the operas that he undertook on the stage. Caruso also had a repertory of more than songs. They ranged from classical compositions to traditional Italian melodies and popular tunes of the day, including a few English-language titles such as George M.
He became one of the first major classical vocalists to make numerous recordings. Caruso and the disc phonographknown in the United Kingdom as the gramophonedid much to promote each other in the first two decades of the 20th century. Many of Caruso's recordings have remained continuously available since their original issue over a century ago, and all of his surviving recordings including several unissued takes have been remastered and reissued several times over the years.
Although recordings of complete operas have been available since the early s, Carmen in for exampleCaruso never participated in a complete opera recording. Caruso's first recordings were arranged by recording pioneer Fred Gaisberg and cut on disc in three separate sessions in Milan during April, November and December These were originally released on discs bearing the Zonophone label.
While most of Caruso's American recordings would be made in Victor's studios in New York and its headquarters in Camden, New JerseyCaruso later recorded in Camden's Trinity Church, which Victor acquired as a recording studio in for its acoustical properties and which could accommodate a large band of musicians. Caruso's first recordings for Victor in were made in Rooma small vocal studio at Carnegie Hall in New York. Caruso's final recording session took place at Victor's Trinity Church studio in Camden on 16 Septemberwith the tenor singing the "Domine Deus" and "Crucifixus" from Rossini's Petite messe solennelle.
Caruso's earliest Victor records of operatic arias fromlike their thirty or so Milan-made predecessors, were all accompanied by piano. From Februaryhowever, orchestral accompaniments became the norm, utilizing an ensemble of between eleven and twenty musicians.
The regular conductors of these recording sessions with orchestra were Walter B. Rogers and, fromJosef Pasternack. InRCA Victor reissued a number of Caruso recordings on rpm discs pressed on red vinylite instead of the usual shellac. As long-playing discs LPs became popular, many of his recordings were electronically enhanced with reverb and similar effects to make them sound "fuller" for release on the extended format.
Several Caruso recordings were also released by RCA Victor on their new rpm format during the early s. This computer process removed or reduced some of the undesirable resonances and surface noise typical of the early acoustically recorded discs. From tothese early digitised efforts were partially issued on LP RCA never finished the Complete Caruso series on LP and the pre recordings were never restored using the Soundstream process and were finally issued complete by RCA Victor on compact disc inagain in and a third time, in Other complete sets of Caruso's recordings in new remasterings were issued on CD on the Pearl label and in — by Naxos.
The disc Naxos set was remastered by the noted American audio-restoration engineer Ward Marston. RCA Victor has issued three CDs of Caruso recordings with over-dubbed modern, orchestral accompaniments, digitally recorded.
Since the expiration of their original copyrights, Caruso's records are now in the public domain and have been reissued by several different record labels with varying degrees of sound quality. They are also available over the internet as digital downloads. Caruso's best-selling downloads at iTunes have been the popular Italian folk songs " Santa Lucia " and " 'O sole mio ".
Caruso died before the introduction of high fidelityelectrical recording technology in All of his recordings were made using the acoustic processwhich required the recording artist to sing into a metal horn or funnel which relayed sound directly to a master disc via a stylus. This process captured only a limited range of the overtones and nuances present in his singing voice. Caruso's inch acoustic recordings were limited to a maximum duration of around four and one half minutes.
Consequently, most of Because - Jussi Björling - Björling Collection selections that he recorded were limited to those that could be edited to fit this time constraint. Longer selections were occasionally issued on two or more record sides.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Italian opera singer — NaplesKingdom of Italy. Dorothy Park Benjamin. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Reverse: Euterpemuse of music, with lyre. Main article: Enrico Caruso discography. See also: Enrico Caruso compact disc discography. Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 29 July Roberto Alagna.
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