Album Tracks. Eurotracks Issue Eleven 11 - Various. I'm Coming Out - Various. Warning Deleting this artist may remove other artists and scrobbles from your library - please handle with caution Note: You can view albums tagged as 'Various Artists' in your library here. The term Various Artists is used in the record industry when numerous singers and musicians collaborate on a song or collection of songs. Listen to online Various - Eurotracks Issue Four 4, or download mp3 tracks: download here mp3 release album free and without registration.
On this page you can not listen to mp3 music free or download album or mp3 track to your PC, phone or tablet. Buy Various - Eurotracks Issue Four 4 from authorized sellers. This album was released in year. Format of the release is. Listen album. Medeski Martin And Wood. Rick believes that the group needs to move on. He feels that it's too dangerous to be near Atlanta where so many zombies could attack the small group.
Shane believes the group should stay put, believing that the government is. Dominic Pierce - Island 2. Rushing Silver - Didn't Expect That 5. Once And Never Once More 6. Bunko Stew - Gloomy Dew 7.
Leaf Beach - Lemon 8. Dillema - Trophies What You Want Yunnan - Breathingfire A power that dominated Eurasia would exercise decisive influence over two of the world's three most economically productive regions, Western Europe and East Asia. A glance at the map also suggests that a country dominant in Eurasia would almost automatically control the Middle East and Africa.
With Eurasia now serving as the decisive geopolitical chessboard, it no longer suffices to fashion one policy for Europe and another for Asia. What happens with the distribution of power on the Eurasian landmass will be of decisive importance to America's global primacy A New Cold War Begins Over Oil After the bungled occupation of Iraq inBrzezinski's geopolitical 'chessboard' presented a number of challenges for the US: the question of war or not against Iran; the issue of Georgia and the Baku-TbilisiCeyhan oil pipeline; the question of China's emergence as a global economic superpower.
All were linked to the issue of geopolitics. The future of the United States as sole superpower had been intimately linked to its ability to control global oil and gas flows, the economic artery system of the modern economy. That was the real reason for the invasion Where Love Lives 96 - Various - Eurotracks Mixes Issue Fourteen (14) (CD) Afghanistan, the violent occupation of Iraq, the Kosovo war inthe sabre-rattling over Iran, and the efforts of Washington to oust Hugo Chavez in Venezuela.
Controlling Russia Color Revolutions and Swarming Coups 53 Russia, following almost a decade of economic devastation and state debt default inhad begun to emerge as a functioning economy under the Presidency of Vladimir Putin. Russia's oil and gas exports benefited from a world market where energy prices had increased significantly after the Iraq invasion of The expanded revenues allowed Russia to pay down its IMF loans and build substantial foreign exchange reserves.
The Russian economy had begun to grow for the first time in decades. Beginning in the first decade of the millennium, the new Russia was gaining in influence not through arms, but by strategic moves using its geopolitical assets in energy-its oil and natural gas.
Russia's leaders during the Putin presidency realized that if they did not act decisively, Russia soon would be encircled and entrapped by a military rival, the USA. China, meanwhile, would not be able to emerge as a truly independent global power over the coming decades unless it could resolve two strategic vulnerabilities- its growing dependence on energy imports for its economic growth, and its inability to pose a credible nuclear deterrence to a US nuclear first strike.
Russia was the only power with enough strategic nuclear deterrence potential, as well as sufficient energy reserves, to make a credible counterweight to global US military and political primacy.
Moreover, A Eurasian combination of China and Russia, plus allied Eurasian states, presented an even greater counterweight to unilateral USA dominance. Following the Asia Crisis, Beijing and Moscow formed a mutual security agreement with surrounding states, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. InUzbekistan joined, and the group renamed itself the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Washington's New Oil Geopolitics Since the Bush-Cheney Administration took office in Januarycontrolling the major oil and natural gas fields of the world had been the primary, though undeclared, priority of US foreign policy. The battle was. Washington's power elites were determined to deconstruct Russia as a functioning power in their pursuit of global domination, their New World Order.
It became increasingly clear that not only the invasion of Iraq, but also the toppling of the Taliban in Afghanistan, had nothing to do with 'democracy,' and everything to do with pipeline control across Central Asia and the militarization of the Middle East. It attempted 'regime change' of the democratically elected President of oil-rich Venezuela, while shamelessly proclaiming itself the champion of democracy. President George W. Bush himself made a trip to Tbilisi on May 10, to address a crowd in Freedom Square, promoting Washington's 'war on tyranny' campaign for the region.
He praised the US-backed 'color revolutions' from Ukraine to Georgia, in the process opportunistically attacking Roosevelt's Yalta division of Europe in Bush then made the curious declaration:. We will not repeat the mistakes of other generations, appeasing or excusing tyranny, and sacrificing freedom in the vain pursuit of stability," the president said. In the long run, our security and true stability depend on the freedom of others.
Now, across the Caucasus, in Central Asia and the broader Middle East, we see the same desire for liberty burning in the hearts of young people. They are demanding their freedom and they will have it. Cheney1 s Energy Strategy The Bush-Cheney Presidency had, from the outset, been based on a clear consensus among various factions of the US power establishment. The Bush Administration implemented the consensus of the US establishment that the US required a drastic change in its foreign policy to an extremely aggressive grab for global oil resources -- in order for the US to continue to control world economic growth and to prevent the emergence of rival economic groups, especially China.
It was clear in Washington policy circles that in order to control those global oil and gas flows, the United States needed to project its military power far more aggressively, to achieve a total military supremacy, which was what Full Spectrum Dominance was actually about. Dick Cheney was ideally suited to weave the US military and energy policies together into a coherent strategy of dominance.
Halliburton was the largest oil and gas services company in the world. The Bush-Cheney Administration was a fusion of the interests, and the owners, of the military-industrial complex and Big Oil. Reviewing the outlook for Big Oil, Cheney made the following comment:.
By some estimates there will be an average of two per cent annual growth in global oil demand over the years ahead along with conservatively a three per cent natural decline in production from existing reserves. That means by we will need on the order of an additional fifty million barrels a day. So where is the oil going to come from? Governments and the national oil companies are obviously controlling about ninety per cent of the assets.
Oil remains fundamentally a government business. While many regions of the world offer great oil opportunities, the Middle East with two thirds of the world's oil and the lowest cost, is still where the prize ultimately lies. The second point of Cheney's London speech was his statement that "the Middle East Cheney, it turned out, was also part of a powerful group determined to take Middle East oil out of state hands.
It advocated the doctrine of pre-emptive war, and all but called on the new US President to find a pretext to declare war on Iraq, in order to occupy it and take direct. The problem, as Cheney saw it, was that the vast untapped oil reserves of the Middle East were largely under local government control and not in private hands.
The military occupation of Iraq was the first major step in this US strategy to move oil into select private hands, Anglo-American Big Oil hands. However, while ultimate US military control over the vast oil resources of the Persian Gulf, was necessary to the Pentagon's agenda of Full Spectrum Dominance unchallenged domination of the entire planetit was not at all sufficient.
So long as Russia remained a free agent and not yet under the thumb of US military domination, US control of Eurasia would remain impossible. Ultimate dismemberment or deconstruction of Russia's remaining nuclear arsenal and control of Russia's vast oil and gas resources remained the strategic priority of Washington. De-Construction Of Russia: The 'Ultimate Prize' For obvious military and political reasons, Washington could not admit openly that since the fall of the Soviet Union inits strategic goal had been to dismember or de-construct Russia, thereby gaining effective control of its huge oil and gas resources.
However, the Russian Bear still had formidable military means, even though somewhat dilapidated, and she still had nuclear teeth. Beginning in the mids Washington initiated a deliberate process of bringing former satellite Soviet states into not only the European Union, but also into a Washington-dominated NATO. The NATO encirclement of Russia, the Color Revolutions across Eurasia, and the war in Iraq, were all aspects of one and the same American geopolitical strategy: a grand strategy to de-construct Russia once and for all as a potential rival to a sole US Superpower hegemony.
The end of the Yeltsin era put a slight crimp in Washington's grand plans, however. Following the IMF-guided looting of Russia by a combination of Western banks and corrupt Russian oligarchs, a shrewder and more sober Putin cautiously emerged as a dynamic nationalist force, committed to rebuilding Russia.
Concurrently, Russian oil output had been steadily rising since the collapse of the Soviet Union to the point that, by the time of the US invasion of Iraq, Russia was the world's second largest oil producer behind Saudi Arabia. Just as Washington proclaimed its intent to militarize Iraq and the Middle East, regardless of world protest or international law, Putin ordered the spectacular public arrest of Russia's billionaire oligarch, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, on charges of tax evasion.
Putin then surprised Western observers by freezing shares of Khodorkovsky's giant Yukos Oil group, in effect, putting it under state control.
What had triggered Putin's dramatic action? Khodorkovsky was arrested four weeks before a decisive election in the Russian Duma, or lower house. It was reliably alleged that Khodorkovsky, using his vast wealth, had bought the votes of a majority. The Duma victory would have allowed him to change election laws in his favor, as well as to alter a controversial law being drafted in the Duma, "The Law on Underground Resources.
Khodorkovsky's arrest came shortly after reports of an unpublicized Washington meeting that July between Khodorkovsky and Vice President Dick Cheney. Just days before his October arrest, Khodorkovsky had entertained George H. Bush discreetly resigned his position with Carlyle just after the arrest of Khodorkovsky and his partner, Platon Lebedev, chairman of Group Menatep. At the time of Khodorkovsky's arrest, Yukos had just begun steps to acquire Sibneft, one of Russia's largest oil producing and refining groups.
The combined Yukos-Sibneft enterprise, with The Exxon or Chevron buy-up of YukosSibneft would have been a literal energy coup d'etat. Cheney knew it; Bush knew it; Khodorkovsky knew it.
Above all, Vladimir Putin knew it and moved decisively to block it. Khodorkovsky's arrest signalled a decisive turn by the Putin government towards rebuilding Russia and erecting strategic defenses. It took place in the context of the brazen US grab for Iraq in Putin's bold move was also less than two years after the Bush Administration announced that the USA was unilaterally abrogating its treaty obligations with Russia under the earlier Anti-Ballistic Missile ABM Treaty in order to go ahead with development of new US missiles.
This was viewed in Moscow as a clearly hostile act aimed at her security. Byit took little strategic military acumen to realize that the Pentagon hawks, and their allies in the armaments industry and Big Oil, had a vision of a United States unfettered by international agreements and acting unilaterally in its own best interests, as defined, of course, by the neo-conservative PNAC.
The events in Russia were soon followed by Washington-financed covert destabilizations in Eurasia - the Color Revolutions against governments on Russia's periphery.
By the end of it was clear to Moscow that a new Cold War - this one over strategic energy control and unilateral nuclear primacy - was looming. AfterRussian foreign policy, especially its energy policy, reverted to the axioms of 'Heartland' geopolitics as defined by Sir Halford Mackinder, politics which had been the basis of earlier Soviet Cold War Where Love Lives 96 - Various - Eurotracks Mixes Issue Fourteen (14) (CD) since Putin began to make a series of defensive moves to restore some tenable form of equilibrium in the face of Washington's increasingly obvious policy of encircling and weakening Russia.
Subsequent US strategic blunders made the job a bit easier for Russia. Now, with the stakes rising on both sides-NATO and Russia-Putin's Russia moved beyond simple defense to a new dynamic offensive aimed at securing a more viable geopolitical position by using its energy as the lever.
Russian Energy Geopolitics In terms of its standard of living, mortality rates and economic prosperity, Russia in was not a world class power. In terms of energy, it was a colossus. In terms of landmass it was still the largest nation in the world, spanning from the Pacific to the door of Europe. It had vast territory, vast natural resources, and the world's largest reserves of natural gas. In addition, it was the only power on the face of the earth with the potential military capabilities to match those of the United States despite the collapse of the USSR and the deterioration in the Russian military since then.
A look at the map makes clear why the Pentagon has a geopolitical interest in bases in Afghanistan and Pakistan and in Iraq-the military control of Central Asia oil flows. Russia had more thanoil wells and some oil and gas deposits. Oil reserves had been estimated at billion barrels, similar to Iraq. They could be far larger, but had not yet been exploited owing to the difficulty of drilling in remote arctic regions.
Oil prices anywhere. Russia's state-owned natural gas pipeline network, the 'unified gas transportation system,' included a vast network of pipelines and compressor stations extending more thankilometers across Russia. By law, only the state-owned Gazprom was allowed to use the pipeline. The network was perhaps the most valued Russian state asset other than the oil and gas itself.
Here was the heart of Putin's new energy geopolitics. Already inas it became clear that the Baltic republics were about to join NATO, Putin backed development of a major new oil port on the Russian coast of the Baltic Sea in Primorsk. The BPS was now able to carry more than 1. In Marchformer German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder was named chairman of a private-public Russian-German consortium building a km natural gas pipeline under the Baltic.
On each held The 5 bn project was started in late and would connect the gas terminal at the Russian port city of Vyborg near St. Petersburg with Greifswald in eastern Germany. It was classic Russian geopolitics-the attempt by the Heartland to link with Central Europe.
The aim of Churchill and later Truman's Cold War had been to drive a wedge, an 'iron curtain,' between central Europe and the Russian Heartland. Their aim was to make Great Britain the indispensable geopolitical mediator or power broker between the two.
It provoked howls of protest from the pro-Washington Polish government, as well as from Ukraine, both of which stood to lose control over pipeline flows from Russia. Despite her. Controlling Russia Color Revolutions and Swarming Coups 63 close ties to the Bush Administration, Germany's new conservative Chancellor, Angela Merkel, was forced to swallow hard and accept the project.
When completed in two parallel pipelines, NEGP would supply Germany with up to 55 billion cubic meters more Russian gas annually. Transneft, the Russian state-owned pipeline company, was to build it. When finished, it would pump up to 1. Additionally, China was intensely discussing with Putin a branch pipe between Blagoveshchensk and Daqing. The Taishet route provided a roadmap for energy cooperation between Russia and China, Japan and other Asia-Pacific countries. Shell was lead energy partner in an Anglo-Japanese oil and gas development project on Russia's Far East island of Sakhalin, a vast island north of Hokkaido Japan.
The Putin government announced that environmental requirements had not been met by ExxonMobil for their oil terminal on Sakhalin as part of its Sakhalin I oil and gas development project. Sakhalin I con. In the early s, Where Love Lives 96 - Various - Eurotracks Mixes Issue Fourteen (14) (CD) Yeltsin government had made a desperate bid to attract needed Western investment capital and technology into exploiting Russian oil and gas regions at a time when the Russian government was broke and oil prices were very low.
Under the terms of the PSA's, Russia would be paid for the oil and gas rights in shares of the oil or gas eventually produced, but only after all production costs had first been covered. PSA agreements with Western oil majors had previously only been made with weak Third World governments unable to demand fairer terms.
It included Russia's first offshore oil production, as well as Russia's first offshore integrated gas platform. The clear Russian government moves against ExxonMobil and Shell were interpreted in the energy industry as an attempt by the Putin government to regain control of Russia's oil and gas resources that Yeltsin had given away during his era. From there, the pipeline supplied Russian gas to Ankara. Greece, Italy and Israel all were engaged in talks with Gazprom to tap gas from the Blue Stream pipeline across Turkey.
Another Russian gas route, a South-European Gas Pipeline, was being developed via Eastern and Central Europe, to establish a new international gas transmission system. Washington was not at all pleased. Moscow1 s Military Status In his May Russian State of the Nation Address, Vladimir Putin spoke of strengthening and modernizing Russia's nuclear deterrent by creating new types of weapons, including some for Russia's strategic forces, which would ensure the defense capability of Russia and its allies in the long term.
Russia had never stopped being a powerful entity that produced state-of-the-art military technologies. While its army, navy and air force were in derelict condition at the end of the Cold War inthe elements for Russia's resurgence as a military powerhouse were still in place.
Russia had consistently fielded top-notch military technology at various international trade shows, using the world arms export market to keep its most vital military technology base intact. Russia's surface-to-air missile systems, the S, and its more powerful successor, the S, were reported to be more potent than American-made Patriot systems. A once-anticipated military exercise between the Patriot and the S never materialized, leaving the Russian complex with an undisputed, yet unproven, claim of superiority over the American system.
Russia's Kamov family of military helicopters incorporated the latest cutting-edge technologies and tactics, making them an equal to the best Washington had, according to European helicopter industry sources. Russia was the second-largest worldwide exporter of military technology after the United States.
Russia's modern military technology was more likely to be exported than supplied to its own armies. That had implications for America's future combat operations since practically all insurgent, guerrilla, breakaway or armed formations across the globe - the very formations that the United States would most likely face in its future wars - were fielded with Russian weapons or their derivatives. The Russian nuclear arsenal had also played an important political role since the end of the Where Love Lives 96 - Various - Eurotracks Mixes Issue Fourteen (14) (CD) Union, providing fundamental security for the Russian state.
Controlling Russia Color Revolutions and Swarming Coups 67 Since then, however, strategic nuclear forces have been a priority. Bythe finances of the Russian state, ironically enough, owing to extremely high prices of oil and gas exports, were on a strong footing. The gradual re-emergence of a dynamic Russia in the Heartland of Eurasia, one that was growing economically closer to China and to key nations of Continental Western Europe, was the very development that Brzezinski had warned could mortally threaten American dominance.
It was Halford Mackinder's worst nightmare. Ironically, Washington's bungled invasions of Iraq and of Afghanistan and its crude elaboration of its 'War on Terror' had directly helped to bring that Eurasian cooperation about. It also created the backdrop for the Georgia conflict in August Washington obviously had encouraged the hot-headed Georgian President, Mikheil Saakashvili to invade South Ossetia, clearly knowing that Russia would be forced to intervene to draw the line in the sand against America's relentless encirclement.
German industry had become the major European importer of Russian natural gas and its industry depended on Russian energy. There was no viable substitute in sight. The Pentagon also needed to draw the rope tight around the emerging economic colossus of Asia, namely China.
There, a different approach was required, given the extreme US financial dependence on China and its economic ties and investments there. For control of China, a form of 'human rights' as a weapon of US foreign policy was to play the central role. William Blum, Killing Hope: U. Cooke notes, 'While Tavistock histories have been previously written, this is the first to draw on archival material which sets out the early relations between the Rockefeller and TIHR founder ATM "Tommy" Wilson in the s, and shows how the Tavistock's development into a centre of social and organizational science was supported by the Rockefeller's medical research program up until the s.
It also situates the rise of the Tavistock in a nexus of transatlantic inter-personal relationships on the one hand, and changing UK, US, and world politics on the other. A curious tiny group named Situationist International played in inordinately large role behijnd the student uprisings in May leading some researchers to posit that it was backed or steered by US intelligence.
Even the powerful French Communist trade union, CGT, attempted to quell the student unrest to no avail. Howard Perlmutter was one of the leading strategists of the US model of globalization from his work at the Wharton School of Finance at University of Pensylvania.
During this time with his colleague, Tavistock' s Eric Trist, he formulated his vision the Social Architecture of the Global Societal enterprise, based on this paradigm for organizations in the 21st Century.
At Wharton, he introduced research and teaching on the global social architecture of the multinational enterprise, multinational organization development, global strategic alliances, global cities, and the globalization of education, in a course called Cross cultural management in the context of the First Global Civilization.
James R. But Reagan's more lasting legacy comes from his recognition that the weakness of communism could be exploited by international institution building. Reagan proclaimed in that "The march offreedom and democracy will leave Marxism-Leninism on the ash heap of history, and set in motion a major movement that led to the creation of a number ofQUANGOs quasi-nongovernmental organizations like the National Endowment for Democracy NED that worked to build democratic opposition abroad.
In a way, NED was chartered to do what the CIA used to do, only working bottom up and helping activists instead of working top down and lopping off heads.
In the summer ofUSIA organized democracy-building seminars for African colonels, voting technique lessons for Peruvians, and conferences on freedom for the press in the Philippines and Romania. Washington, D. The Times reports that, 'Erosi Kitsmarishvili, Tbilisi's former ambassador to Moscow, testifying before a Georgian Congressional Commission, 'said Georgian officials told him in April that they planned to start a war in Abkhazia, one of two breakaway regions at issue in the war, and had received a green light from the United States government to do so.
Controlling China with Synthetic Democracy 'What happens with the distribution of power on the Eurasian landmass will be of decisive importance to America's global primacy Its tactics varied considerably, however, between what could be called 'big stick' diplomacy and 'carrot-and-stick' diplomacy. The former used direct military threats; the latter involved something slightly more seductive, but every bit as dangerous in the long run for Chinese sovereignty.
The overall American strategy of 'divide and conquer' remained at all times. That strategy had its roots in the axioms of geopolitics, the axioms of British Royal Geographer, Sir Halford Mackinder. For Mackinder, the prime objective of both British and later, of United States, foreign policy and military policy was to prevent a unity, whether natural or un-natural, between the two great powers of the Eurasian landmass-Russia and China.
For obvious reasons, their debt to Mackinder was rarely admitted openly. Most of them were part of the influential circle around the Rockefeller family, especially John D. III and his banker brother, David Rockefeller.
It was this particular group that determined postwar US-China policy. Their goal was always to maintain a strategy of tension across Asia, and particularly in Eurasia. For example, the US would threaten Japan with the loss of US military protection if it did not follow US policy wishes, and it would seduce China by outsourcing US manufacture to China, while actually providing failing American manufacturers with huge profits. Regardless of the tactics used, the end goal of US China Policy was the maintenance of control over China as the potential economic colossus of Asia-over its energy development, its food security, its economic development, its defense policy.
ByUS control of China was becoming increasingly difficult, as the military forces of the United States were badly over-committed in illconceived wars and occupations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Washington policy, while still based on advancing US military hegemony, increasingly shifted to masquerading behind the issues of human rights and 'democracy' as weapons of psychological and economic warfare in its ongoing attempt to contain and control China and its foreign policy.
Africom: Pentagon's 'Resource War' Strategy In NovemberChina hosted an unprecedented summit on economic cooperation, investment and trade with at least 45 African heads of state. Washington would not be long in responding to the new Chinese. Why, after neglecting Africa - other than South Africa, or oil rich Nigeria, Angola and Mozambique - for more than five decades did Washington now place such a high priority on Africa?
And why did the US commitment require the added expense of an autonomous military command for the continent? Was 'terrorism' a reason for the US to deploy a separate military command within striking range of some 53 countries on the African subcontinent? China, not terrorism, was the unspoken reason for the new US military concern over Africa. It was to be responsible for US military operations and military relations with 53 African nations.
That document stated that the objective of US Army strategy was to span and dominate the entire universe, not just the globe. It called for "an expeditionary, campaignquality Army capable of dominating across the full spectrum of conflict, at any time, in any environment and against any adversary-for extended periods of time. No other army in history had had such ambitious goals.
Most relevant, Army Modernization envisioned that the United States, for at least the next "thirty to forty years," would be engaged in continuous wars to control raw materials.
Moreover, in a clear reference to China and Russia, the Pentagon's strategic plan declared: "We face a potential return to traditional security threats posed by emerging near-peers as we compete globally for depleting natural resources and overseas markets.
In terms of military and energy supplies, the only potential "emerging near peer" would be Russia. Russia played a strategic role in delivering virtually every vital resource required for an advanced industrial economy - everything from oil and gas to metals and raw materials. Russia was the key supplier, outside South and southern African states, of strategic resources not under the direct control of the United States.
Russia's increasing role in Africa had been a major factor behind Washington's confrontational military policy of using NATO to encircle Russia since The major concern in Pentagon and Washington policy circles was that Russia and China would deepen their economic and even military cooperation, most likely within the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Were that to happen, as Zbigniew Brzezinski had stated, the global supremacy of the United States would be fundamentally challenged. Marshall was given a unique and unheard-of status in the chain of command: Where Love Lives 96 - Various - Eurotracks Mixes Issue Fourteen (14) (CD) reported only to the Secretary of Defense, with no intermediaries in the Pentagon chain-of-command.
Over the years, Marshall, still in charge of long-term Pentagon strategy despite his 87 years of age, had spawned cadre of disciples to implement his so-called Revolution in Military Affairs RMA. It was Marshall who had convinced Rumsfeld and Cheney in that strategic ballistic missile defense installations on the borders of Russia would give the United States its long-dreamed-of Nuclear Primacy, the ability to launch a nuclear first strike attack on Russia and destroy their ability to retaliate.
Marshall was the architect of Rumsfeld's disastrous 'electronic battlefield' strategy in the Iraq war-using 'networked' soldiers wired to the Internet and equipped with GPS reconnaissance. Yet when criticism forced the President to dump Rumsfeld, Marshall remained at the Pentagon, untouched; such was his power.
US Plans 'Perpetual Resource Warfare' The Pentagon's Army Modernization Strategy revealed a number of profoundly significant strategic principles and operating assumptions that had already been adopted as official doctrine by the US military. In its preamble, it predicted a post-Cold War future of 'perpetual warfare. This document is radically different from previous years. This year we get right to the heart of things with a brief description of our modernization strategy-with the ends, ways and means of how we intend to use the Army Equipping Enterprise to reach end of state defined as: Soldiers equipped with the best equipment available, making the Army the most.
America is engaged in an era of persistent conflict that will continue to stress our force. To win this fight, we need an Army that is equipped for the long haul-that has what it needs for soldiers to accomplish their missions across the full spectrum of conflict.
Significantly, and for the first time since Henry Kissinger's National Security Strategic Memorandum during the Ford Administration, the US Army stated that among its official 'missions' was the control of population growth in raw material rich countries.
The document cited 'population growth' as the predominant threat to the security of the US and its allies, and it called for wars to control raw material resources. It linked the two:.
Population growth-especially in less-developed countrieswill expose a resulting 'youth bulge' to anti-government and radical ideologies that potentially threaten government stability.
Resource competition induced by growing populations and expanding economies will consume ever increasing amounts offood, water and energy. States or entities controlling these resources will leverage them as part of their security calculus. Never before had US foreign policy contemplated or imagined that such a force would be necessary; the United States had thought it controlled Africa's resources. But within weeks of Beijing's reception for heads of more than 40 African nations, George W.
During the Cold War, US control of Africa and its vast mineral wealth had relied on assassination and civil wars which it covertly fuelled, or the cooperation of brutal former colonial powers such as Britain, France, Portugal or Belgium. Washington was more than alarmed to see 43 African heads of state treated with respect and dignity by China, who offered them billions of dollars worth of trade agreements rather than IMF conditions or US-imposed austerity programs.
Having identified increasing populations in the developing world as a threat, the Pentagon strategy document highlighted specific paradigm shifts in the way future wars were to be conducted:. The Army recently unveiled its newest doctrine, FM Operations, which provides a blueprint for operating in an uncertain future, and serves as a principal driver for changes in our organizations, training, leader development, personnel policies, facilities and materiel development.
FM institutionalizes how commanders employ offensive, defensive and stability or civil support operations simultaneously. FM acknowledges the fact that 21st Century operations will require Soldiers to engage among populations and diverse cultures instead ofavoiding them. Unlike the US policy of sabre rattling against Russia's potential threat, US policy towards China's economic emergence across Asia, Africa and beyond, incorporated unexpected weapons ofwar-'Human Rights' and 'Democracy.
The consolidated appropriations act for FY P. For FY P. In FY P. Clearly Washington was getting ever keener to promote its special version of 'democracy' in China, especially in Tibet. Paula J. In this capacity, she is the US government's point person on Tibet policy matters, including: support for dialogue between the Chinese and the Dalai Lama or his representatives; promotion of human rights in Tibet; and efforts to preserve Tibet's unique cultural, religious and linguistic identity.
Dobriansky's ties to the NED had not been casual. Moreover, Dobriansky had been a senior Fellow of the Hudson Institute, one of the most strident neo-conservative and hawkish think-tanks in Washington. The PNAC letter bluntly asserted:. The only acceptable strategy is one that eliminates the possibility that Iraq will be able to use or threaten to use weapons of mass destruction.
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